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Adapt & Evolve 2015: East Asian Materials and Techniques in Western Conservation

Proceedings from the International Conference of the Icon Book & Paper Group, London 8–10 April 2015


The conference, Adapt & Evolve 2015: East Asian Materials and Techniques in Western Conservation, was the wonderful result of hard work and collaboration among members of the conservation community. It brought together delegates and speakers from around the world to celebrate the traditions and developments in our profession and further the marriage between East and West.

The conference was packed with well researched and thought-provoking papers giving us rich resource to reference. We are most fortunate that our speakers and some dedicated Icon Book & Paper Group committee members have diligently worked to make this publication happen. We hope that this will become a much-used resource for years to come.

Amy Junker-Heslip
Conference Chair

Adapt & Evolve stands as a landmark in the history of exchange between conservators of East and West. These post-prints will ensure the lasting legacy of this important conference. Weighing in at 181 pages, this has been a major piece of work undertaken almost entirely by volunteers. Sincere thanks are due to Francesca Whymark, the managing Editor, who saw this project through to fruition. She was ably supported in this by Anna Johnson. Thanks are also due to the Icon Book & Paper Group, who generously used the surplus from the conference to cover the costs of copy-editing, design and the development of this new web page.

These are the very first conference papers to be published on our new website. I am very proud that Icon is hosting this excellent publication. I hope you enjoy reading it!

Alison Richmond
Chief Executive, Icon


This collection of papers, developed from the presentations delivered at the Adapt & Evolve conference in 2015, further expands upon the conference’s theme of reflection and development. The history of the exchange of ideas, materials and techniques between East and West is examined, considering the mutual benefit that has been, and continues to be, derived from such collaborations. Case studies and scientific analyses examine the history and working properties of various East Asian papers and adhesives and evaluate their use to treat both Western and Eastern cultural artefacts. Particular East Asian techniques are examined and their applicability to Western conservation practice is considered.

My sincerest thanks to the contributing authors for their care and attention as we prepared this publication and for the wealth of knowledge and expertise that they share here.

Francesca Whymark


Masuda Katsuhiko Masuda
East to West: The flow of materials and techniques in paper conservation
Webber Pauline Webber
The use of Asian paper conservation techniques in Western collections
Capua Rebecca Capua
Japonisme and Japanese works on paper: Cross-cultural influences and hybrid materials
Mizumura et al Megumi Mizumura, Takamasa Kubo and Takao Moriki
Japanese paper: History, development and use in Western paper conservation
Hayakawa Noriko Hayakawa
Scientific approaches for adhesives in the conservation of Japanese paintings
Harrold and Noga Jillian Harrold and Zofia Wyszomirska-Noga
Funori: The use of a traditional Japanese adhesive in the preservation and conservation treatment of Western objects
Jacobi Eliza Jacobi
Moisture and mending: A method for doing local repairs on iron-gall ink
Kato and Kimishima Masato Kato and Takayuki Kimishima
Karibari: The Japanese drying technique
Eisenbach Ann-Kathrin Eisenbach
The conservation of a modern Mongolian mandala on paper: A conservation approach applying an adapted dry stretching method
Calvini et al Paolo F. Calvini, Chiara Fornaciari da Passano and Nella Poggi
Use of the Korean mulberry paper hanji in book and paper conservation: When a traditional material meets new techniques
Menei Eve Menei
Use of East Asian materials and techniques on papyrus: Inspiration and adaptation
Catcher Susan Catcher
Just coloured paper: Toning paper using natural dyes
Song Minah Song
Evaluation of conservation quality Eastern papers regarding materials and process
Laroque Claude Laroque
How to identify Asian papers? A syncretic approach
Colbourne and Hori Jane Colbourne and Manami Hori
Modern machine-made washi and the implications for contemporary conservation practice
McClintock et al T.K. McClintock, Lorraine Bigrigg and Deborah LaCamera
An overview of overlapping interests in East Asian and Western conservation


Copyright and citation information

These papers are published by the Institute of Conservation ('Icon') on an Open Access basis under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (CC BY-NC-ND) You are free to copy and redistribute this material in any medium or format under the following terms: You must give appropriate credit and provide a link to the license (you may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way which suggests that Icon endorses you or your use); you may not use the material for commercial purposes; and if you remix, transform, or build upon the material you may not distribute the modified material without prior consent of the copyright holder.

Citation format

<Author(s)>, ‘<Article title>’ in Adapt & Evolve 2015: East Asian Materials and Techniques in Western Conservation. Proceedings from the International Conference of the Icon Book & Paper Group, London 8–10 April 2015 (London, The Institute of Conservation: 2017), <page>–<page>.


The Institute of Conservation ('Icon') makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of all the information (the 'Content') contained in its publications. However, Icon makes no representations or warranties whatsoever as to the accuracy, completeness or suitability for any purpose of the Content and disclaim all such representations and warranties whether expressed or implied to the maximum extent permitted by law. Any views expressed in this publication are the views of the authors and are not the views of Icon.

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