Care of Collections resources
Please find below resources for general collection care, COVID collection care along with the CCG Constitution
Conservation and care of collections during the Coronavirus pandemic
Many heritage organisations implemented special measures to ensure that their collections continued secure, safely cared for and maintained during COVID. The details of what is appropriate and feasible will vary between organisations, but this guidance outlines areas to consider in order to maintain the condition of collections from a conservation perspective. Given the clear risks to health and wellbeing posed to staff, we stress that consevators and others should not undertake work on site without the appropriate permissions, risk assessments and PPE.
The UK Heads of Conservation Group produced guidance for museums and other organisations caring for their collections during Coronavirus (COVID-19). Heritage organisations are secure with onsite security systems and staff in place, however site access for collections staff may be restricted in line with the Covid-19 lockdown and quarantine measures.
Assess your collection risks
With restricted access, it is important to identify the highest areas of risk across your collections to enable you to focus the time and resources you can deploy. The Collections Trust provides a useful guide to undertaking collection risk assessments. The primary risks to collections are the ten agents of deterioration. In lockdown scenario risks may include:
- Pest infestation: collections with known pest issues or which are particularly vulnerable to pests
- Poor environment: collections susceptible to fluctuations and extremes of humidity located in areas with poor or limited environmental control
- Dust: organic material on open display or open in storage
- Light: collections exposed to UV or extreme light levels at risk of fading or degrading from light exposure
- Building fabric/features: known building issues including areas prone to water ingress, leaky radiators or historic fireplaces that may introduce water, dust and debris to collection areas
Consider onsite equipment linked to the care of collections that requires ongoing maintenance such as standalone dehumidifiers/humidifiers and freezers holding collections. These may be high-risk equipment if maintenance is reduced during this period.
Focus your resources to manage risk
When you have identified your high and medium risk collections, focus on identifying methods to manage and reduce the risks. These could include:
- Turning off all lights except for security lighting
- Ensuring food is either removed from site or held in air-tight containers
- Where possible, monitoring collection environments remotely via Building Maintenance Systems (BMS) or other environmental monitoring systems, making changes to air handling unit set points/functions via remote controls if temperature and humidity move outside preferred parameters
- Turning off environmental control systems, either because they are prone to malfunctioning, cannot be maintained, or because with no visitors in the building, adequate conditions can be maintained without using the plant
Scheduled collections care checks
Where possible, a regular check of those collections assessed as high and medium risk is desirable. These checks are ideally undertaken by colleagues trained in collections care with site knowledge who can readily identify issues such as pest activity, mould growth or other changes to the condition of collections. For some organisations, it may be onsite security or other colleagues not trained in collections care who undertake checks. In these instances, an overview of the high and medium risk collections should be provided with details of where to focus checks, what to look for and contact details of trained colleagues offsite to report concerns to or discuss potential issues with.
In all instances, it is important establish a means to record and share the results of collection checks across relevant colleagues. This will enable you to identify changes in collections and reassess risk areas throughout this period to ensure your resources are always effectively deployed.
The person in organisation who leads on collection emergency planning should consider whether response plans need updating for this unique period. For example:
- Will the plan work if some colleagues are unable to attend site due to the corona virus isolation orders and, if not, can other colleagues be identified as reserves?
- If the plan relies on the use of an external contractor or assistance from a partner organisation, is that service or support still available?
- If the plan assumes that equipment, materials and PPE will be purchased or hired at the point of need, is that still achievable, or do alternative arrangements need to be put in place?
The Museum of London has developed an excellent pocket-salvage guide which may be useful to support this review. Claire Fry ACR and her colleagues at Spencer & Fry have also produced a Collection Care Guidance for Museums and Historic Properties during the Covid-19 Crisis.
Other useful guidance
The UK Heads of Conservation Group prepared guidance on how to ‘wake up your collections’ for use when collection staff can return to site and organisations prepare to reopen. The following links signpost you to relevant sector guidance about interim collections care:
- Museum of London - sector advice and news relevant to the Covid-19 outbreak
- AIM - useful information and resources
- Museums Association - an overview article looking at how Covid-19 will impact museums and what can be done to mitigate it
- Arts Council England (ACE) released guidance for NPOs and their other funded programmes regarding Covid-19 outbreak
- Icon Coronavirus hub - a range of guidance on broader COVID-19 related issues
Caring for Collections during COVID 19
- Panel Discussion: The impact of COVID-19 on emergency planning and salvage response - hosted by Care of Collections group, ICON
- Risk Assessments for Decision Making During Lockdown - hosted by Care of Collections group, ICON
- Collections care in lockdown – Q&A panel video and transcript - Collections Trust
- Collections care in lockdown - list of primary source material collated by Collections Trust
- Conservation and care of collections guidance and links during the Coronavirus pandemic - ICON news
- COVID-19: Disinfecting Cultural Resouces - National Centre for Preservation Technology and Training
- Closed by COVID-19?A Practice Guide for managers of heritage collectionsthat are closed at short notice because of an epidemic or pandemic - Australian Institute for the Conservation of Cultural Material
- Closing a Museum for the Winter – Canadian Conservation Institute (CCI) Notes 1/3
Broader collections care guidance
- Benchmarks in Collection Care - Collections Trust
- Collection Surveys - American Museum of Natural History
- Managing Collections - Collections Trust
- Manual of Housekeeping - The National Trust
- Care of Collections video in collaboration with SPAB (40 minutes)
- Social media presence: @CCG_ICON
- ‘Dust in historic libraries’ Lloyd, H., Bendix, C., Brimblecombe, P. and D. Thickett, Museum Microclimates, eds. T. Padfield and K. Borchersen, (Copenhagen: The National Museum of Denmark, 2007) 135-144
- Impact of Dust on our Collections - The National Archives
- ‘Investigating and monitoring dust’ International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) International Preservation News No.53, May 2011 –
- The National Trust Manual of Housekeeping: the Care of Collections in Historic Houses Open to the Public, Bendix, C. and N. Pickwoad, ‘Books’, (Oxford: Elsevier/Butterworth-Heinemann, 2005) 475-487
- Emergency planning - Museum of London
- Climate for Collections: Standards and Uncertainties (Postprints of the Munich Climate Conference 7-9 November 2012) edited by Jonathan Ashley-Smith, Andreas Burmester and Melanie Eibl, Archetype Publications Ltd., London, 2013, 452pp. ISBN: 978-1-909492-00-4
- Handling Museum Objects - Museum of London
- Hazards in Collections - Museum of London, et al.
- Museum Lighting - A Guide for Conservators and Curators, Saunders, G., Getty Publications, 2020.
- Packing Museum Objects for Storage - Museum of London, et al.
- Packing Museum Objects for Moves - Museum of London, et al.
- Buggy Biz: integrated pest management in collections, Brokerhof, A. W. et al., 2007. Netherlands Institute for Cultural Heritage (NICH), Amsterdam, Netherlands
- Insect Pests found in Historic Houses and Museums - English Heritage
- Integrated pest management for collections : proceedings of 2001: a Pest Odyssey, Kingsley, H. et al, eds., 2001, James & James: London.
- Integrated Pest Management in Museum, Library and Archival Facilities: A Step by Step Approach for the Design, Development, Implementation and Maintenance of an Integrated Pest Management Program, Harmon, J. D., 1993, Harmon Preservation Pest Management: Indianapolis
- Introduction to Museum Pests - Museum of London, et al.
- Pest Management: A practical guide, Pinniger, D. , 2008, Collections Trust , Cambridge
- Pest management in museums, archives and historic houses, Pinniger , D., 2001. Archetype, London,
- Pest Odyssey
- Pesticide mitigation in museum collections : science in conservation : proceedings from the MCI workshop series, Charola, E. A. and Koestler , R. J., 2010, Smithsonian Museum Conservation Institute Workshop on Pesticide Mitigation (2007 : Washington, D.C.), Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press: Washington D.C.
- What's Eating Your Collection - Collections Trust, Birmingham Museums
- Historical Perspectives on Preventive Conservation (Getty Conservation Institute’s Readings in Conservation) edited by Sarah Staniforth, Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, 2013, 426pp. ISBN: 978- 1-60606-142-8
- Preservation Guides - British Library
- Preventive Conservation in Museums. Caple, C. (2012). Leicester Readers in Museum Studies. Oxford: Routledge.
- Preventive Conservation: The State of the Art. Studies in Conservation - IIC 2018 Turin Congress preprints (subscription only)
- Sustainable Preservation Practices - IPI